Ortiz-Barahona V, Soler M, Davalos V, García-Prieto CA, Janin M, Setien F, Fernández-Rebollo I, Bech-Serra JJ, De La Torre C, Guil S, Villanueva A, Zhang PH, Yang L, Guarnacci M, Schumann U, Preiss T, Balaseviciute U, Montal R, Llovet JM, Esteller M
Epigenetic inactivation of the 5-methylcytosine RNA methyltransferase NSUN7 is associated with clinical outcome and therapeutic vulnerability in liver cancer.Molecular Cancer 12 May 2023, 22 (1) 83. Epub 12 May 2023
Background: RNA modifications are important regulators of transcript activity and an increasingly emerging body of data suggests that the epitranscriptome and its associated enzymes are altered in human tumors.
Methods: Combining data mining and conventional experimental procedures, NSUN7 methylation and expression status was assessed in liver cancer cell lines and primary tumors. Loss-of-function and transfection-mediated recovery experiments coupled with RNA bisulfite sequencing and proteomics determined the activity of NSUN7 in downstream targets and drug sensitivity.
Results: In this study, the initial screening for genetic and epigenetic defects of 5-methylcytosine RNA methyltransferases in transformed cell lines, identified that the NOL1/NOP2/Sun domain family member 7 (NSUN7) undergoes promoter CpG island hypermethylation-associated with transcriptional silencing in a cancer-specific manner. NSUN7 epigenetic inactivation was common in liver malignant cells and we coupled bisulfite conversion of cellular RNA with next-generation sequencing (bsRNA-seq) to find the RNA targets of this poorly characterized putative RNA methyltransferase. Using knock-out and restoration-of-function models, we observed that the mRNA of the coiled-coil domain containing 9B (CCDC9B) gene required NSUN7-mediated methylation for transcript stability. Most importantly, proteomic analyses determined that CCDC9B loss impaired protein levels of its partner, the MYC-regulator Influenza Virus NS1A Binding Protein (IVNS1ABP), creating sensitivity to bromodomain inhibitors in liver cancer cells exhibiting NSUN7 epigenetic silencing. The DNA methylation-associated loss of NSUN7 was also observed in primary liver tumors where it was associated with poor overall survival. Interestingly, NSUN7 unmethylated status was enriched in the immune active subclass of liver tumors.
Conclusion: The 5-methylcytosine RNA methyltransferase NSUN7 undergoes epigenetic inactivation in liver cancer that prevents correct mRNA methylation. Furthermore, NSUN7 DNA methylation-associated silencing is associated with clinical outcome and distinct therapeutic vulnerability.More information
Mohty M, Malard F, Alaskar AS, Aljurf M, Arat M, Bader P, Baron F, Bazarbachi A, Blaise D, Brissot E, Ciceri F, Corbacioglu S, Dalle JH, Dignan F, Huynh A, Kenyon M, Nagler A, Pagliuca A, Perić Z, Richardson PG, Ruggeri A, Ruutu T, Yakoub-Agha I, Duarte RF, Carreras E
Diagnosis and severity criteria for sinusoidal obstruction syndrome/veno-occlusive disease in adult patients: a refined classification from the European society for blood and marrow transplantation (EBMT).Bone Marrow Transplantation 24 Apr 2023, . Epub 24 Apr 2023
Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome, also known as veno-occlusive disease (SOS/VOD), is a potentially life-threatening complication that can develop after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). A new definition for diagnosis, and a severity grading system for SOS/VOD in adult patients, was reported a few years ago on behalf of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT). The aim of this work is to update knowledge regarding diagnosis and severity assessment of SOS/VOD in adult patients, and also its pathophysiology and treatment. In particular, we now propose to refine the previous classification and distinguish probable, clinical and proven SOS/VOD at diagnosis. We also provide an accurate definition of multiorgan dysfunction (MOD) for SOS/VOD severity grading based on Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score.More information
Auñón C, Sanvisens A, Turon E, Vidal-Vila A, Puigdemont M, Osca-Gelis G, Eraso A, Marcos-Gragera R
Time trends and survival of marginal zone lymphoma over 25 years in Girona, Spain (1994-2018).Cancer Medicine 19 Apr 2023, . Epub 19 Apr 2023
Objective: To analyze the incidence, incidence trends, and survival of marginal zone lymphomas (MZLs) in Girona and to describe these indicators based on the location in the case of extranodal MZLs.
Methods: Population-based study of MZL collected in the Girona Cancer Registry, 1994-2018. Sociodemographic data, tumor location, and stage were obtained from clinical records. Crude (CR) and age-adjusted (ASRE ) incidence rates expressed per 100,000 person-years (p-y) were calculated. Joinpoint regression models were used for the trend analysis according to the MZL group. Five-year observed and net survival were analyzed.
Results: A total of 472 MZLs were included, 44 (9.3%) were nodal, 288 (61.0%) extranodal, 122 (25.9%) splenic, and the rest (n = 18) MZL, NOS. The CR for the MZL was 2.89 × 100,000 p-y (95% CI: 2.63-3.15), the ASRE was 3.26 × 100,000 p-y (95% CI: 2.97-3.57), and the annual percentage change (APC) was 1.6 (95% CI: 0.5-2.7). The ASRE for nodal MZL was 0.30 × 100,000 p-y (95% CI: 0.22-0.41) and showed an APC of 2.9% (95% CI: -16.4-26.6). For extranodal MZL, the ASRE was 1.98 × 100,000 p-y (95% CI: 1.76-2.23) and the APC was -0.4 (95% CI: -2.0-1.2). The most frequent locations of this type of MZL were the gastric (35.4%), skin (13.2%), and respiratory system (11.8%). The ASRE of the splenic MZL was 0.85 (95% CI: 0.71-1.02) with an APC of 12.8 (95% CI: 2.5-24.0). The 5-year net survival of MZL was 82.1% (95% CI: 76.3-86.5).
Conclusions: This study reveals differences in the incidence and trend of the incidence of MZL according to the subgroup, showing a significant increase in the overall MZL mainly due to splenic MZL type.More information
Janin M, Esteller M
Global Shift in Alternative Splicing and Therapeutic Susceptibilities in Leukemia Driven by METTL3 OverexpressionBlood Cancer Discovery 17 Apr 2023, OF1-OF4. Epub 17 Apr 2023
Mutations in splicing factors are commonly observed in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL); however, other mechanisms can also contribute to the dysregulation of alternative splicing. One example is the overexpression of the m6A RNA methyltransferase METTL3, that by depositing the epitranscriptomic mark in spliceosome transcripts leads to aberrant splicing, but at the same time creates vulnerability to METTL3 inhibitors. See related article by Wu et al., (8) .More information
Meyer C, Larghero P, Almeida Lopes B, Burmeister T, Gröger D, Sutton R, Venn NC, Cazzaniga G, Corral Abascal L, Tsaur G, Fechina L, Emerenciano M, Pombo-de-Oliveira MS, Lund-Aho T, Lundán T, Montonen M, Juvonen V, Zuna J, Trka J, Ballerini P, Lapillonne H, Van der Velden VHJ, Sonneveld E, Delabesse E, de Matos RRC, Silva MLM, Bomken S, Katsibardi K, Keernik M, Grardel N, Mason J, Price R, Kim J, Eckert C, Lo Nigro L, Bueno C, Menendez P, Zur Stadt U, Gameiro P, Sedék L, Szczepański T, Bidet A, Marcu V, Shichrur K, Izraeli S, Madsen HO, Schäfer BW, Kubetzko S, Kim R, Clappier E, Trautmann H, Brüggemann M, Archer P, Hancock J, Alten J, Möricke A, Stanulla M, Lentes J, Bergmann AK, Strehl S, Köhrer S, Nebral K, Dworzak MN, Haas OA, Arfeuille C, Caye-Eude A, Cavé H, Marschalek R
The KMT2A recombinome of acute leukemias in 2023.Leukemia 5 Apr 2023, . Epub 5 Apr 2023
Chromosomal rearrangements of the human KMT2A/MLL gene are associated with de novo as well as therapy-induced infant, pediatric, and adult acute leukemias. Here, we present the data obtained from 3401 acute leukemia patients that have been analyzed between 2003 and 2022. Genomic breakpoints within the KMT2A gene and the involved translocation partner genes (TPGs) and KMT2A-partial tandem duplications (PTDs) were determined. Including the published data from the literature, a total of 107 in-frame KMT2A gene fusions have been identified so far. Further 16 rearrangements were out-of-frame fusions, 18 patients had no partner gene fused to 5'-KMT2A, two patients had a 5'-KMT2A deletion, and one ETV6::RUNX1 patient had an KMT2A insertion at the breakpoint. The seven most frequent TPGs and PTDs account for more than 90% of all recombinations of the KMT2A, 37 occur recurrently and 63 were identified so far only once. This study provides a comprehensive analysis of the KMT2A recombinome in acute leukemia patients. Besides the scientific gain of information, genomic breakpoint sequences of these patients were used to monitor minimal residual disease (MRD). Thus, this work may be directly translated from the bench to the bedside of patients and meet the clinical needs to improve patient survival.More information