10. Role of high dimensional technology in preeclampsia (omics in preeclampsia)

Youssef L, Testa L, Crovetto F, Crispi F.


Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific disease that has no known precise cause. Integrative biology approach based on multi-omics has been applied to identify upstream pathways and better understand the pathophysiology of preeclampsia. At DNA level, genomics and epigenomics studies have revealed numerous genetic variants associated with preeclampsia, including those involved in regulating blood pressure and immune response. Transcriptomics analyses have revealed altered expression of genes in preeclampsia, particularly those related to inflammation and angiogenesis. At protein level, proteomics studies have identified potential biomarkers for preeclampsia diagnosis and prediction in addition to revealing the main pathophysiological pathways involved in this disease. At metabolite level, metabolomics has highlighted altered lipid and amino acid metabolisms in preeclampsia. Finally, microbiomics studies have identified dysbiosis in the gut and vaginal microbiota in pregnant women with preeclampsia. Overall, omics technologies have improved our understanding of the complex molecular mechanisms underlying preeclampsia. However, further research is warranted to fully integrate and translate these omics findings into clinical practice.

Obre a Pubmed