Research publications

Found 205 publicacions matching the indicated search criteria.
González-Gil C, Morgades M, Lopes T, Fuster-Tormo F, García-Chica J, Zhao R, Montesinos P, Torrent A, Diaz-Beya M, Coll R, Hermosín L, Mercadal S, González-Campos J, Zamora L, Artola T, Vall-Llovera F, Tormo M, Gil-Cortés C, Barba P, Novo A, Ribera J, Bernal T, De Ugarriza PL, Queipo MP, Martínez-Sánchez P, Giménez A, González-Martínez T, Cladera A, Cervera J, Fernández-Martín R, Ardaiz MÁ, Vidal MJ, Baena Á, López-Bigas N, Bigas A, Maciejewski J, Orfao A, Ribera JM, Genescà E

Genomics improves risk stratification of adults with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients enrolled in measurable residual disease-oriented trials.

Haematologica 3 Nov 2022, . Epub 3 Nov 2022
Genetic information has been crucial to understand the pathogenesis of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) at diagnosis and at relapse, but still nowadays has a limited value in a clinical context. Few genetic markers are associated with the outcome of T-ALL patients, independently of measurable residual disease (MRD) status after therapy. In addition, the prognostic relevance of genetic features may be modulated by the specific treatment used. We analyzed the genetic profile of 145 T-ALL patients by targeted deep sequencing. Genomic information was integrated with the clinical-biological and survival data of a subset of 116 adult patients enrolled in two consecutive MRD-oriented trials of the Spanish PETHEMA (Programa Español de Tratamientos en Hematología) group. Genetic analysis revealed a mutational profile defined by DNMT3A/ N/KRAS/ MSH2/ U2AF1 gene mutations that identified refractory/resistant patients. Mutations in the DMNT3A gene were also found in the nonleukemic cell fraction of patients with T-ALL, revealing a possible mutational-driven clonal hematopoiesis event to prime T-ALL in elderly. The prognostic impact of this adverse genetic profile was independent of MRD status on day +35 of induction therapy. The combined WOG signature and MRD on day +35 allowed risk-stratification of T-ALL into standard or high-risk groups with significantly different 5-year overall survival (OS) (95% confidence interval [CI]) of 52% (37-67 %) and 17% (1-33%), respectively. These results confirm the relevance of the tumor genetic profile in predicting patient outcome in adult T-ALL and highlight the need for novel gene-targeted chemotherapeutic schedules to improve the OS of poor-prognosis T-ALL patients.
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Ribera JM, García-Calduch O, Ribera J, Montesinos P, Cano-Ferri I, Martínez P, Esteve J, Esteban D, García-Fortes M, Alonso N, González-Campos J, Bermúdez A, Torrent A, Genesca E, Mercadal S, Martínez-Lopez J, Garcia-Sanz R

Ponatinib, Chemotherapy, and Transplant in Adults with Philadelphia Chromosome-Positive Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.

Blood Adv 8 Jun 2022, . Epub 8 Jun 2022
Promising results have been shown combining ponatinib and chemotherapy in adults with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ALL). The PONALFIL trial combined ponatinib (30 mg/day) with standard induction and consolidation chemotherapy followed by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (alloHSCT) in newly diagnosed Ph+ALL patients aged 18-60 years. Ponatinib was only given pre-emptively after alloHSCT. Primary endpoints were hematologic and molecular response before alloHSCT and event-free survival (EFS), including molecular relapse as event. Thirty patients (median age 49 [19-59] years) entered the trial. All showed hematologic response, and alloHSCT was performed in 26 patients (20 in complete molecular response and 6 in major molecular response). Only one patient died by graft-versus-host disease and 5 patients showed molecular relapse after alloHSCT. No tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) was given after HSCT in 18/26 patients. Twenty-nine patients are alive (median follow-up 2.1 years, range 0.2-4.0), with 3-year EFS and overall survival (OS) of 70% (95% CI, 51%-89%) and 96% (89%-100%). Comparison of the PONALFIL and the ALLPh08 trials (same schedule using imatinib as TKI ) by propensity score showed significant improvement in OS for patients in PONALFIL (3-year OS 96% vs. 53%, p=0.002). The most frequent grade 3-4 adverse events were hematologic (42%), infections (17%) and hepatic (22%), with only one vascular occlusive event. The combination of chemotherapy with ponatinib followed by alloHSCT is well tolerated, with encouraging EFS in adults with newly diagnosed Ph+ALL. Cross-trial comparison suggests improvement versus imatinib. ( NCT02776605).
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Ribera J, Granada I, Morgades M, González T, Ciudad J, Such E, Calasanz MJ, Mercadal S, Coll R, González-Campos J, Tormo M, García-Cadenas I, Gil C, Cervera M, Barba P, Costa D, Ayala R, Bermúdez A, Orfao A, Ribera JM

Prognostic heterogeneity of adult B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia patients with t(1;19)(q23;p13)/TCF3-PBX1 treated with measurable residual disease-oriented protocols.

Br J Haematol Feb 2022, 196 (3) 670-675. Epub 21 Sep 2021
The prognosis of t(1;19)(q23;p13)/transcription factor 3-pre-B-cell leukaemia homeobox 1 (TCF3-PBX1) in adolescent and adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) treated with measurable residual disease (MRD)-oriented trials remains controversial. In the present study, we analysed the outcome of adolescent and adult patients with t(1;19)(q23;p13) enrolled in paediatric-inspired trials. The patients with TCF3-PBX1 showed similar MRD clearance and did not have different survival compared with other B-cell precursor ALL patients. However, patients with TCF3-PBX1 had a significantly higher cumulative incidence of relapse, especially among patients aged ≥35 years carrying additional cytogenetic alterations. These patients might benefit from additional/intensified therapy (e.g. immunotherapy in first complete remission with or without subsequent haematopoietic stem cell transplantation).
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Ribera JM, Morgades M, Genescà E, Chapchap EC, Montesinos P, Acuña-Cruz E, Gil C, García-Cadenas I, Barba P, González-Campos J, Queipo de Llano MP, Torrent A, Ribera J, Granada I, Bernal T, Díaz-Beyá M, Amigo ML, Coll R, Tormo M, Vall-Llovera F, Gómez-Centurión I, Sánchez-Sánchez MJ, Soria B, Cladera A, Artola MT, Garcia-Guiñon A, Giménez-Conca A, Amador ML, Martínez-Sánchez P, Algarra JL, Vidal MJ, Alonso N, Maluquer C, Llorente L, García-Boyero R, Ciudad J, Feliu E, Orfao A

Outcomes and prognostic factors of adults with refractory or relapsed T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia included in measurable residual disease-oriented trials.

Hematol Oncol Oct 2021, 39 (4) 529-538. Epub 18 Aug 2021
Despite high complete remission (CR) rates with frontline therapy, relapses are frequent in adults with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) with limited salvage options. We analyzed the outcomes and prognostic factors for CR to salvage therapy and overall survival (OS) of patients with R/R T-ALL included in two prospective measurable residual disease-oriented trials. Seventy-five patients (70 relapsed, 5 refractory) were identified. Relapses occurred in bone marrow, isolated or combined in 50 patients, and in the central nervous system (CNS; isolated or combined) in 20. Second CR was attained in 30/75 patients (40%). Treatment with FLAG-Ida and isolated CNS relapse were independently associated with a higher CR rate after first salvage therapy. The median OS was 6.2 (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.9-8.6) months, with a 4-year OS probability of 18% (95% CI, 9%-27%). No differences in survival were observed according to the treatment with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients in CR after first salvage therapy. Multivariable analysis showed a ≥12-month interval between first CR and relapse, CR after first salvage therapy and isolated CNS relapse as favorable prognostic factors for OS with hazard ratios (HR) (95% CI) of 1.931 (1.109-3.362), 2.958 (1.640-5.334), and 2.976 (1.157-7.655), respectively. This study confirms the poor outcomes of adults with R/R T-ALL among whom FLAG-Ida was the best of the rescue therapies evaluated. Late relapse, CR after first rescue therapy and isolated CNS relapse showed prognostic impact on survival. More effective rescue therapies are needed in adults with R/R T-ALL.
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Navarro JT, Moltó J, Tapia G, Ribera JM

Hodgkin Lymphoma in People Living with HIV.

Cancers (Basel) 29 Aug 2021, 13 (17) . Epub 29 Aug 2021
Despite widespread use of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) and increased life expectancy in people living with HIV (PLWH), HIV-related lymphomas (HRL) remain a leading cause of cancer morbidity and mortality for PLWH, even in patients optimally treated with cART. While the incidence of aggressive forms of non-Hodgkin lymphoma decreased after the advent of cART, incidence of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) has increased among PLWH in recent decades. The coinfection of Epstein-Barr virus plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of HL in the HIV setting. Currently, PLWH with HRL, including HL, are treated similarly to HIV-negative patients and, importantly, the prognosis of HL in PLWH is approaching that of the general population. In this regard, effective cART during chemotherapy is strongly recommended since it has been shown to improve survival rates in all lymphoma subtypes, including HL. As a consequence, interdisciplinary collaboration between HIV specialists and hemato-oncologists for the management of potential drug-drug interactions and overlapping toxicities between antiretroviral and antineoplastic drugs is crucial for the optimal treatment of PLWH with HL. In this article the authors review and update the epidemiological, clinical and biological aspects of HL presenting in PLWH with special emphasis on advances in prognosis and the factors that have contributed to it.
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Genescà E, Morgades M, González-Gil C, Fuster-Tormo F, Haferlach C, Meggendorfer M, Montesinos P, Barba P, Gil C, Coll R, Moreno MJ, Martínez-Carballeira D, García-Cadenas I, Vives S, Ribera J, González-Campos J, Díaz-Beya M, Mercadal S, Artola MT, Cladera A, Tormo M, Bermúdez A, Vall-Llovera F, Martínez-Sánchez P, Amigo ML, Monsalvo S, Novo A, Cervera M, García-Guiñon A, Ciudad J, Cervera J, Hernández-Rivas JM, Granada I, Haferlach T, Orfao A, Solé F, Ribera JM

Adverse prognostic impact of complex karyotype (≥3 cytogenetic alterations) in adult T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).

Leuk Res 8 Jun 2021, 109 106612. Epub 8 Jun 2021
The potential prognostic value of conventional karyotyping in adult T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) remains an open question. We hypothesized that a modified cytogenetic classification, based on the number and type of cytogenetic abnormalities, would allow the identification of high-risk adult T-ALL patients. Complex karyotype defined by the presence of ≥3 cytogenetic alterations identified T-ALL patients with poor prognosis in this study. Karyotypes with ≥3 abnormalities accounted for 16 % (22/139) of all evaluable karyotypes, corresponding to the largest poor prognosis cytogenetic subgroup of T-ALL identified so far. Patients carrying karyotypes with ≥3 cytogenetic alterations showed a significantly inferior response to therapy, and a poor outcome in terms of event-free survival (EFS), overall survival (OS) and cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), independently of other baseline characteristics and the end-induction minimal residual disease (MRD) level. Additional molecular analyses of patients carrying ≥3 cytogenetic alterations showed a unique molecular profile that could contribute to understand the underlying molecular mechanisms of resistance and to evaluate novel targeted therapies (e.g. IL7R directed) with potential impact on outcome of adult T-ALL patients.
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Ribera JM, Morgades M, Ciudad J, Montesinos P, Esteve J, Genescà E, Barba P, Ribera J, García-Cadenas I, Moreno MJ, Martínez-Carballeira D, Torrent A, Martínez-Sánchez P, Monsalvo S, Gil C, Tormo M, Artola MT, Cervera M, González-Campos J, Rodríguez C, Bermúdez A, Novo A, Soria B, Coll R, Amigo ML, López-Martínez A, Fernández-Martín R, Serrano J, Mercadal S, Cladera A, Giménez-Conca A, Peñarrubia MJ, Abella E, Vall-Llovera F, Hernández-Rivas JM, Garcia-Guiñon A, Bergua JM, de Rueda B, Sánchez-Sánchez MJ, Serrano A, Calbacho M, Alonso N, Méndez-Sánchez JÁ, García-Boyero R, Olivares M, Barrena S, Zamora L, Granada I, Lhermitte L, Feliu E, Orfao A

Chemotherapy or allogeneic transplantation in high-risk Philadelphia chromosome-negative adult lymphoblastic leukemia.

Blood 8 Apr 2021, 137 (14) 1879-1894.
The need for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in adults with Philadelphia chromosome-negative (Ph-) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with high-risk (HR) features and adequate measurable residual disease (MRD) clearance remains unclear. The aim of the ALL-HR-11 trial was to evaluate the outcomes of HR Ph- adult ALL patients following chemotherapy or allo-HSCT administered based on end-induction and consolidation MRD levels. Patients aged 15 to 60 years with HR-ALL in complete response (CR) and MRD levels (centrally assessed by 8-color flow cytometry) <0.1% after induction and <0.01% after early consolidation were assigned to receive delayed consolidation and maintenance therapy up to 2 years in CR. The remaining patients were allocated to allo-HSCT. CR was attained in 315/348 patients (91%), with MRD <0.1% after induction in 220/289 patients (76%). By intention-to-treat, 218 patients were assigned to chemotherapy and 106 to allo-HSCT. The 5-year (±95% confidence interval) cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), overall survival (OS), and event-free survival probabilities for the whole series were 43% ± 7%, 49% ± 7%, and 40% ± 6%, respectively, with CIR and OS rates of 45% ± 8% and 59% ± 9% for patients assigned to chemotherapy and of 40% ± 12% and 38% ± 11% for those assigned to allo-HSCT, respectively. Our results show that avoiding allo-HSCT does not hamper the outcomes of HR Ph- adult ALL patients up to 60 years with adequate MRD response after induction and consolidation. Better postremission alternative therapies are especially needed for patients with poor MRD clearance. This trial was registered at as # NCT01540812.
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Celia González-Gil, Jordi Ribera, Josep Maria Ribera, Eulàlia Genescà

The Yin and Yang-Like Clinical Implications of the CDKN2A/ARF/CDKN2B Gene Cluster in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Genes 2021, 12, 79. 9 Jan 2021, .
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a malignant clonal expansion of lymphoid hematopoietic precursors that exhibit developmental arrest at varying stages of differentiation. Similar to what occurs in solid cancers, transformation of normal hematopoietic precursors is governed by a multistep oncogenic process that drives initiation, clonal expansion and metastasis. In this process, alterations in genes encoding proteins that govern processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, and growth provide us with some of the clearest mechanistic insights into how and why cancer arises. In such a scenario, deletions in the 9p21.3 cluster involving CDKN2A/ARF/CDKN2B genes arise as one of the oncogenic hallmarks of ALL. Deletions in this region are the most frequent structural alteration in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) and account for roughly 30% of copy number alterations found in B-cell-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL). Here, we review the literature concerning the involvement of the CDKN2A/B genes as a prognosis marker of good or bad response in the two ALL subtypes (BCP-ALL and T-ALL). We compare frequencies observed in studies performed on several ALL cohorts (adult and child), which mainly consider genetic data produced by genomic techniques. We also summarize what we have learned from mouse models designed to evaluate the functional involvement of the gene cluster in ALL development and in relapse/resistance to treatment. Finally, we examine the range of possibilities for targeting the abnormal function of the protein-coding genes of this cluster and their potential to act as anti-leukemic agents in patients.
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Sentís I, Gonzalez S, Genescà E, García-Hernández V, Muiños F, Gonzalez C, López-Arribillaga E, Gonzalez J, Fernandez-Ibarrondo L, Mularoni L, Espinosa L, Bellosillo B, Ribera JM, Bigas A, Gonzalez-Perez A, Lopez-Bigas N

The evolution of relapse of adult T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Genome Biol. 2020 Nov 23;21(1):284 20 Nov 2020, .
Background: Adult T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is a rare disease that affects less than 10 individuals in one million. It has been less studied than its cognate pediatric malignancy, which is more prevalent. A higher percentage of the adult patients relapse, compared to children. It is thus essential to study the mechanisms of relapse of adult T-ALL cases. Results: We profile whole-genome somatic mutations of 19 primary T-ALLs from adult patients and the corresponding relapse malignancies and analyze their evolution upon treatment in comparison with 238 pediatric and young adult ALL cases. We compare the mutational processes and driver mutations active in primary and relapse adult T-ALLs with those of pediatric patients. A precise estimation of clock-like mutations in leukemic cells shows that the emergence of the relapse clone occurs several months before the diagnosis of the primary T-ALL. Specifically, through the doubling time of the leukemic population, we find that in at least 14 out of the 19 patients, the population of relapse leukemia present at the moment of diagnosis comprises more than one but fewer than 108 blasts. Using simulations, we show that in all patients the relapse appears to be driven by genetic mutations. Conclusions: The early appearance of a population of leukemic cells with genetic mechanisms of resistance across adult T-ALL cases constitutes a challenge for treatment. Improving early detection of the malignancy is thus key to prevent its relapse. Keywords: T-ALL, Adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia, T-ALL evolution under therapy, Evolution of leukemia relapse, ALL relapse
Comes M, Batlle M, Ribera JM

Treatment adapted to pregnancy in a patient with Burkitt lymphoma.

Med Clin (Barc) 12 Jun 2020, 154 (11) 470-471. Epub 20 Jul 2019More information