Research publications

Found 26 publicacions matching the indicated search criteria.
Sorigue M, Oliveira A, Mercadal S, Tapia G, Climent F, Perez-Roca L, Lorences I, Domingo-Domenech E, Cabezon M, Navarro JT, Gonzalez-Barca E, Zamora L, Ribera JM, Sureda A, Armengol MP, Sancho JM

m7FLIPI and targeted sequencing in high-risk follicular lymphoma.

Hematol Oncol Dec 2019, 37 (5) 564-568. Epub 25 Oct 2019
Patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) refractory to front-line immunochemotherapy (ICT) have a poor overall survival (OS). Gene mutation analysis may be more accurate than classical risk factors to pick out these patients before treatment. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of selected genetic mutations in a cohort of patients with high-risk FL. Twenty-five patients with FL refractory to front-line ICT and 10 non-refractory patients matched for age, sex, and FLIPI score were included. We sequenced 18 genes (custom targeted sequencing panel) previously reported to potentially have prognostic impact, including the seven genes necessary to determine m7FLIPI risk. The 35 patients had a median age of 62. The FLIPI and FLIPI2 were high in 27 (84%) and 14 (48%), respectively. Three-year progression-free survival (PFS) and OS probabilities were 25% (95% CI, 13%-41%) and 53% (34%-69%), respectively. There were 73 variants in the 18 genes among the 35 patients. The median number of mutations per patient was 1 (interquartile range, 0-3). The most commonly mutated genes were CREBBP (11 of 35, 31%) and EP300 (10 of 35, 29%). EP300 mutations were associated with refractoriness to treatment (10 of 25 among refractory and 0 of 10 among non-refractory). In conclusion, in this study, patients with high-risk follicular lymphoma were genetically heterogeneous.
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Muncunill J, Baptista MJ, Hernandez-Rodríguez Á, Dalmau J, Garcia O, Tapia G, Moreno M, Sancho JM, Martínez-Picado J, Feliu E, Mate JL, Ribera JM, Navarro JT

Plasma Epstein-Barr Virus Load as an Early Biomarker and Prognostic Factor of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-related Lymphomas.

Clin Infect Dis 15 Feb 2019, 68 (5) 834-843. Epub 29 Jun 2018
Background: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been implicated in lymphomagenesis and can be found infecting tumor cells and in plasma at lymphoma diagnosis, especially in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. Our aim was to evaluate the usefulness of plasma EBV load as biomarker and prognostic factor in HIV-positive patients with lymphomas. Methods: EBV loads were measured by polymerase chain reaction in plasma samples of 81 HIV-positive patients' lymphomas at different moments: within 1 year before lymphoma diagnosis, at diagnosis, and at complete response (CR). Control samples included HIV-negative patients with lymphomas and HIV-positive patients without neoplasia or opportunistic infections. Results: HIV-positive patients with lymphomas had more frequently-detectable EBV load at lymphoma diagnosis (53%) than either HIV-negative patients with the same lymphoma type (16%; P < .001) or HIV-positive individuals without neoplasia or opportunistic infection (1.2%; P < .001). HIV-positive lymphoma patients with detectable EBV load in plasma at lymphoma diagnosis had statistically significant decrease of EBV load at CR. High EBV load (>5000 copies/mL) at lymphoma diagnosis was an independent negative prognostic factor for overall survival and progression-free survival in HIV-positive patients with lymphomas. Detectable plasma EBV loads identified HIV-positive subjects that would eventually develop lymphoma (area under the curve, 82%; 95% CI: 0.67-0.96). Conclusions: Plasma EBV load can be used as a biomarker and as a prognostic factor in HIV-positive patients with lymphomas. The presence of the EBV load in the plasma of an HIV-positive patient can be an early predictor of lymphoma development.
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Pardal E, Díez Baeza E, Salas Q, García T, Sancho JM, Monzón E, Moraleda JM, Córdoba R, de la Cruz F, Queizán JA, Rodríguez MJ, Navarro B, Hernández JA, Díez R, Vahi M, Viguria MC, Canales M, Peñarrubia MJ, González-López TJ, Montes-Moreno S, González-Barca E, Caballero D, Martín A

A new prognostic model identifies patients aged 80 years and older with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who may benefit from curative treatment: A multicenter, retrospective analysis by the Spanish GELTAMO group.

Am. J. Hematol. Jul 2018, 93 (7) 867-873. Epub 6 May 2018
The means of optimally managing very elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has not been established. We retrospectively analyzed 252 patients aged 80-100 years, diagnosed with DLBCL or grade 3B follicular lymphoma, treated in 19 hospitals from the GELTAMO group. Primary objective was to analyze the influence of the type of treatment and comorbidity scales on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). One hundred sixty-three patients (63%) were treated with chemotherapy that included anthracyclines and/or rituximab, whereas 15% received no chemotherapeutic treatment. With a median follow-up of 44 months, median PFS and OS were 9.5 and 12.5 months, respectively. In an analysis restricted to the 205 patients treated with any kind of chemotherapy, comorbidity scales did not influence the choice of treatment type significantly. Independent factors associated with better PFS and OS were: age < 86 years, cumulative illness rating scale (CIRS) score < 6, intermediate risk (1-2) R-IPI, and treatment with R-CHOP at full or reduced doses. We developed a prognostic model based on the multivariate analysis of the 108 patients treated with R-CHOP-like: median OS was 45 vs. 12 months (P = .001), respectively, for patients with 0-1 vs. 2-3 risk factors (age > 85 years, R-IPI 3-5 or CIRS > 5). In conclusion, treatment with R-CHOP-like is associated with good survival in a significant proportion of patients. We have developed a simple prognostic model that may aid the selection patients who could benefit from a curative treatment, although it needs to be validated in larger series.
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Sorigue M, Sancho JM

The persistent uncertainty of when to recommend allogeneic stem cell transplantation in follicular lymphoma.

Cancer 7 Jun 2018, . Epub 7 Jun 2018More information
Sorigue M, Tuset V, Sancho JM

Treatment of localized-stage follicular lymphoma.

Eur. J. Haematol. 12 May 2018, . Epub 12 May 2018
Follicular lymphoma (FL) is the most common indolent lymphoma, and it most frequently presents in an advanced stage. Therapeutic considerations for advanced stage are different from those of localized-stage FL, in which radiotherapy (RT) is generally recommended. However, the available evidence suffers from shortcomings that are relatively specific to this clinical entity due to its rarity and long survival with all available treatment modalities, including that most of the existing evidence originated at a time when diagnostic classifications, staging procedures and radiotherapeutic standards were different from those available today and when anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies were not available. Available treatment modalities include observation, systemic therapy only, RT only and RT in combination with systemic therapy. We review the evidence available with each of them and the data from present-day clinical practice studies as well as briefly discuss what diagnostic and therapeutic developments may take place in the next few years.
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Sorigue M, Sancho JM

Routine surveillance imaging in follicular lymphoma.

Ann. Hematol. 11 May 2018, . Epub 11 May 2018More information
Sorigue M, Gual-Capllonch F, Garcia O, Sarrate E, Franch-Sarto M, Ibarra G, Grau J, Orna E, Ribera JM, Sancho JM

Incidence, predictive factors, management, and survival impact of atrial fibrillation in non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Ann. Hematol. 4 May 2018, . Epub 4 May 2018
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and cancer are common disorders in the general population but there are few studies in patients with both diseases. More specifically, there are scarce data on AF in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). We assessed the incidence, predictive factors, management, and survival impact of AF in a cohort of patients with NHL from a single institution between 2002 and 2016 (n = 747). Twenty-three patients were diagnosed with AF before and 40 after the diagnosis of NHL (of the later, 16 were secondary to an extracardiac comorbidity and 24 unrelated to any triggering event [primary AF]). The 5-year cumulative incidence of new-onset AF was 4% (95% confidence interval [CI] 3-6%). Age and hypertension were the only predictive factors for the development of AF. Management of AF was heterogeneous, primarily with anti-vitamin K agents but also antiplatelet therapy in a significant proportion of patients. Among the 63 patients, there were six episodes of ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack and four venous thromboembolic events, with four major bleeding episodes. Overall survival (OS) was inferior in patients with AF (HR 0.1, 95% CI 0.01-0.7, p = 0.02), largely due to secondary AF. We conclude that the incidence of new-onset AF in NHL patients seemed somewhat higher than in the general population, although with similar predictive factors. The management was heterogeneous, and the risk of ischemic and hemorrhagic events did not seem higher than in cancer-free patients. Survival was particularly poor for patients with secondary AF.
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Sorigue M, Mercadal S, Alonso S, Fernández-Álvarez R, Sancho JM

Is there a role for the international prognostic index in follicular lymphoma?

Ann. Hematol. Apr 2018, 97 (4) 713-715. Epub 13 Dec 2017More information
Sorigue M, Orna E, Sancho JM

Venous thromboembolism in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma or chronic lymphocytic leukemia treated with lenalidomide: a systematic review.

Leuk. Lymphoma 21 Mar 2018, 1-10. Epub 21 Mar 2018
Lenalidomide has been associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in multiple myeloma. It is unclear whether patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are also at such risk. We conducted a systematic review of the incidence of VTE in prospective trials of lenalidomide-treated patients with NHL or CLL. Sixty-eight unique reports were assessed for inclusion. For grade ≥3 VTE, 98 events were reported in 3043 patients (60 studies) (crude incidence: 3.22% [95% confidence interval: 2.6-3.9%]). For any grade VTE, 97 events were reported in 2244 patients (46 studies) (crude incidence: 4.32% [3.5-5.2%]). Subgroup analysis showed no difference based on histological subtype or use of prophylaxis. The study is at risk of bias, largely due to insufficient data from the individual studies. Within the limitations of this systematic review, we found a low risk of VTE in patients with NHL treated with lenalidomide.
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Sorigue M, Sancho JM

Current prognostic and predictive factors in follicular lymphoma.

Ann. Hematol. Feb 2018, 97 (2) 209-227. Epub 14 Oct 2017
Follicular lymphoma (FL) is generally considered an indolent disorder. With modern day treatments, long remissions are often achieved both in the front-line and relapsed setting. However, a subset of patients has a more aggressive course and a worse outcome. Their identification is the main purpose of modern day prognostic tools. In this review, we attempt to summarize the evidence concerning prognostic and predictive factors in FL, including (1) pre-treatment factors, from baseline clinical characteristics and imaging tests to histological grade, the microenvironment and genomic abnormalities; (2) post-treatment factors, i.e., depth of response, measured both by imaging tests and minimal residual disease; (3) factors at relapse and duration of response; and (4) prognostic factors in histological transformation. We conclude that, despite the existence of numerous tools, the availability of some of them is still limited; they generally suffer from notable downsides, and most have unproven predictive value, thus having scarce bearing on the choice of regimen at present. However, with the technological and scientific developments of the last few years, the potential for these prognostic factors is promising, particularly in combination, which will probably, in time, help guide therapeutic decisions.
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