Sauta E, Robin M, Bersanelli M, Travaglino E, Meggendorfer M, Zhao LP, Caballero Berrocal JC, Sala C, Maggioni G, Bernardi M, Di Grazia C, Vago L, Rivoli G, Borin L, D'Amico S, Tentori CA, Ubezio M, Campagna A, Russo A, Mannina D, Lanino L, Chiusolo P, Giaccone L, Voso MT, Riva M, Oliva EN, Zampini M, Riva E, Nibourel O, Bicchieri M, Bolli N, Rambaldi A, Passamonti F, Savevski V, Santoro A, Germing U, Kordasti S, Santini V, Diez-Campelo M, Sanz G, Sole F, Kern W, Platzbecker U, Ades L, Fenaux P, Haferlach T, Castellani G, Della Porta MG
Real-World Validation of Molecular International Prognostic Scoring System for Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Journal of Clinical Oncology17 Mar 2023, JCO2201784. Epub 17 Mar 2023
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are heterogeneous myeloid neoplasms in which a risk-adapted treatment strategy is needed. Recently, a new clinical-molecular prognostic model, the Molecular International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-M) was proposed to improve the prediction of clinical outcome of the currently available tool (Revised International Prognostic Scoring System [IPSS-R]). We aimed to provide an extensive validation of IPSS-M.
Noguera-Castells A, García-Prieto CA, Álvarez-Errico D, Esteller M
Validation of the new EPIC DNA methylation microarray (900K EPIC v2) for high-throughput profiling of the human DNA methylome.
Epigenetics5 Mar 2023, 18(1)2185742.
DNA methylation, one of the best characterized epigenetic marks in the human genome, plays a pivotal role in gene transcription regulation and other biological processes in humans. On top of that, the DNA methylome undergoes profound changes in cancer and other disorders. However, large-scale and population-based studies are limited by high costs and the need for considerable expertise in data analysis for whole-genome bisulphite-sequencing methodologies. Following the success of the EPIC DNA methylation microarray, the newly developed Infinium HumanMethylationEPIC version 2.0 (900K EPIC v2) is now available. This new array contains more than 900,000 CpG probes covering the human genome and excluding masked probes from the previous version. The 900K EPIC v2 microarray adds more than 200,000 probes covering extra DNA cis-regulatory regions such as enhancers, super-enhancers and CTCF binding regions. Herein, we have technically and biologically validated the new methylation array to show its high reproducibility and consistency among technical replicates and with DNA extracted from FFPE tissue. In addition, we have hybridized primary normal and tumoural tissues and cancer cell lines from different sources and tested the robustness of the 900K EPIC v2 microarray when analysing the different DNA methylation profiles. The validation highlights the improvements offered by the new array and demonstrates the versatility of this updated tool for characterizing the DNA methylome in human health and disease.
The Secondary Myelodysplastic Neoplasms (MDS) Jigsaw
Cancers26 Feb 2023, . Epub 26 Feb 2023
There is a great deal of controversy in the hematologic community regarding the classification of secondary myelodysplastic neoplasms (MDSs). Current classifications are based on the presence of genetic predisposition and MDS post-cytotoxic therapy (MDS-pCT) etiologies. However, since these risk factors are not exclusive for secondary MDSs and there are multiple overlapping scenarios, a comprehensive and definitive classification is yet to come. In addition, a sporadic MDS might arise after a primary tumor fulfills the diagnostic criteria of MDS-pCT without a causative cytotoxicity. In this review, we describe the triggering pieces of a secondary MDS jigsaw: previous cytotoxic therapy, germline predisposition and clonal hematopoiesis. Epidemiological and translational efforts are needed to put these pieces together and ascertain the real weight of each of these pieces in each MDS patient. Future classifications must contribute to understanding the role of secondary MDS jigsaw pieces in different concomitant or independent clinical scenarios associated with the primary tumor.
Caillot M, Miloudi H, Taly A, Profitós-Pelejà N, Santos JC, Ribeiro ML, Maitre E, Saule S, Roué G, Jardin F, Sola B
Exportin 1-mediated nuclear/cytoplasmic trafficking controls drug sensitivity of classical Hodgkin lymphoma.
Molecular Oncology2 Feb 2023, . Epub 2 Feb 2023
Exportin 1 (XPO1) is the main nuclear export receptor that controls the subcellular trafficking and the functions of major regulatory proteins. XPO1 is overexpressed in various cancers and small inhibitors of nuclear export (SINEs) have been developed to inhibit XPO1. In primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBL) and classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL), the XPO1 gene may be mutated on one nucleotide and encodes the mutant XPO1
David Cruz, Rocío Rodríguez-Romanos, Marta González-Bartulos, Irene García-Cadenas, Rafael de la Cámara, Inmaculada Heras, Ismael Buño, Nazly Santos, Natàlia Lloveras, Pilar Velarde, Esperanza Tuset, Carmen Martínez, Marcos González, Guillermo F. Sanz, Christelle Ferrá, Antonia Sampol, Rosa Coll, Jose A. Pérez-Simón, Javier López-Jiménez, Manuel Jurado, David Gallardo
LAG3 genotype of the donor and clinical outcome after allogeneic transplantation from HLA-identical sibling donors
Frontiers in Immunology20 Jan 2023, 14 . Epub 20 Jan 2023
Introduction: The association of polymorphisms in molecules involved in the immune response (checkpoint inhibitors) with the clinical outcome after allogeneic transplantation (alloHSCT) has been described. Lymphocyte Activation 3 (LAG3) is a surface protein that plays a regulatory role in immunity as an inhibitory immune checkpoint molecule.
Methods: To determine its role in the alloHSCT setting, we analyzed 797 patients transplanted from HLA-identical sibling donors. The LAG3 rs870849 C>T polymorphism was genotyped in donors.
Results: We detected a higher incidence of severe acute GVHD in patients transplanted from donors with TT genotype (p: 0.047, HR 1.64; 95% CI 1.01 – 2.67). Overall survival (OS) was worse for patients transplanted from donors with the rs870849 CT/TT genotype (0.020; HR, 1.44; 95% CI 1.06 – 1.96), as well as disease-free survival (DFS) (p: 0.002; HR 1.58, 95%CI: 1.18 – 2.14) and transplant-related mortality (TRM) (p< 0.001; HR: 1.88, 95% CI 1.29 – 2.74). When combining the LAG3 rs870849 and the PDCD1 rs36084323 genotypes of the donor, three genetic groups were well defined, allowing a good stratification of the risk of acute GVHD, TRM, OS and DFS.
Discussion: We conclude that the LAG3 genotype of the donor may be considered in donors’ selection. As this selection may be limited in the HLA-identical sibling donor scenario, further studies exploring the impact of LAG3 genotype of the donor in unrelated transplantation are warranted.
Mar Mallo, Heinz Tuechler, Leonor Arenillas, Sophie Raynaud, Thomas Cluzeau, Lee-Yung Shih, Chiang Tung-Liang, Christina Ganster, Katayoon Shirneshan, Detlef Haase, Martí Mascaró, Laura Palomo, José Cervera, Esperanza Such, Nicola Trim, Sally Jeffries, Emma Ridgway, Giovanni Marconi, Giovanni Martinelli, Francesc Solé
Regions of homozygosity confer a worse prognostic impact in myelodysplastic syndrome with normal karyotype
eJHaem18 Jan 2023, . Epub 18 Jan 2023
Half of the myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) have normal karyotype by conventional banding analysis. The percentage of true normal karyotype cases can be reduced by 20–30% with the complementary application of genomic microarrays. We here present a multicenter collaborative study of 163 MDS cases with a normal karyotype (≥10 metaphases) at diagnosis. All cases were analyzed with the ThermoFisher® microarray (either SNP 6.0 or CytoScan HD) for the identification of both copy number alteration(CNA) and regions of homozygosity (ROH). Our series supports that 25 Mb cut-off as having the most prognostic impact, even after adjustment by IPSS-R. This study highlights the importance of microarrays in MDS patients, to detect CNAs and especially to detect acquired ROH which has demonstrated a high prognostic impact.
Tomás-Daza L, Rovirosa L, López-Martí P, Nieto-Aliseda A, Serra F, Planas-Riverola A, Molina O, McDonald R, Ghevaert C, Cuatrecasas E, Costa D, Camós M, Bueno C, Menéndez P, Valencia A, Javierre BM
Low input capture Hi-C (liCHi-C) identifies promoter-enhancer interactions at high-resolution.
Nature Commununications17 Jan 2023, 14(1)268. Epub 17 Jan 2023
Long-range interactions between regulatory elements and promoters are key in gene transcriptional control; however, their study requires large amounts of starting material, which is not compatible with clinical scenarios nor the study of rare cell populations. Here we introduce low input capture Hi-C (liCHi-C) as a cost-effective, flexible method to map and robustly compare promoter interactomes at high resolution. As proof of its broad applicability, we implement liCHi-C to study normal and malignant human hematopoietic hierarchy in clinical samples. We demonstrate that the dynamic promoter architecture identifies developmental trajectories and orchestrates transcriptional transitions during cell-state commitment. Moreover, liCHi-C enables the identification of disease-relevant cell types, genes and pathways potentially deregulated by non-coding alterations at distal regulatory elements. Finally, we show that liCHi-C can be harnessed to uncover genome-wide structural variants, resolve their breakpoints and infer their pathogenic effects. Collectively, our optimized liCHi-C method expands the study of 3D chromatin organization to unique, low-abundance cell populations, and offers an opportunity to uncover factors and regulatory networks involved in disease pathogenesis.
García-Hernández V, Arambilet D, Guillén Y, Lobo-Jarne T, Maqueda M, Gekas C, González J, Iglesias A, Vega-García N, Sentís I, Trincado JL, Márquez-López I, Heyn H, Camós M, Espinosa L, Bigas A
β-Catenin activity induces an RNA biosynthesis program promoting therapy resistance in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
EMBO Molecular Medecine4 Jan 2023, e16554. Epub 4 Jan 2023
Understanding the molecular mechanisms that contribute to the appearance of chemotherapy resistant cell populations is necessary to improve cancer treatment. We have now investigated the role of β-catenin/CTNNB1 in the evolution of T-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (T-ALL) patients and its involvement in therapy resistance. We have identified a specific gene signature that is directly regulated by β-catenin, TCF/LEF factors and ZBTB33/Kaiso in T-ALL cell lines, which is highly and significantly represented in five out of six refractory patients from a cohort of 40 children with T-ALL. By subsequent refinement of this gene signature, we found that a subset of β-catenin target genes involved with RNA-processing function are sufficient to segregate T-ALL refractory patients in three independent cohorts. We demonstrate the implication of β-catenin in RNA and protein synthesis in T-ALL and provide in vitro and in vivo experimental evidence that β-catenin is crucial for the cellular response to chemotherapy, mainly in the cellular recovery phase after treatment. We propose that combination treatments involving chemotherapy plus β-catenin inhibitors will enhance chemotherapy response and prevent disease relapse in T-ALL patients.
Martins-Ferreira R, Leal B, Chaves J, Ciudad L, Samões R, Martins da Silva A, Pinho Costa P, Ballestar E
Circulating cell-free DNA methylation mirrors alterations in cerebral patterns in epilepsy.
Clin Epigenetics28 Dec 2022, 14(1)188. Epub 28 Dec 2022
DNA methylation profiling of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) has rapidly become a promising strategy for biomarker identification and development. The cell-type-specific nature of DNA methylation patterns and the direct relationship between cfDNA and apoptosis can potentially be used non-invasively to predict local alterations. In addition, direct detection of altered DNA methylation patterns performs well as a biomarker. In a previous study, we demonstrated marked DNA methylation alterations in brain tissue from patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS).
We performed DNA methylation profiling in cfDNA isolated from the serum of MTLE patients and healthy controls using BeadChip arrays followed by systematic bioinformatic analysis including deconvolution analysis and integration with DNase accessibility data sets. Differential cfDNA methylation analysis showed an overrepresentation of gene ontology terms and transcription factors related to central nervous system function and regulation. Deconvolution analysis of the DNA methylation data sets ruled out the possibility that the observed differences were due to changes in the proportional contribution of cortical neurons in cfDNA. Moreover, we found no overrepresentation of neuron- or glia-specific patterns in the described cfDNA methylation patterns. However, the MTLE–HS cfDNA methylation patterns featured a significant overrepresentation of the epileptic DNA methylation alterations previously observed in the hippocampus.
Our results support the use of cfDNA methylation profiling as a rational approach to seeking non-invasive and reproducible epilepsy biomarkers.