المنشورات البحثية

Found 17 publicacions matching the indicated search criteria.
M Cabezón, R Malinverni, B Xicoy, S Marcé, J Bargay, A Garrido, M Tormo, L Arenillas, R Coll, J Borras, M Hoyos, D Valcárcel, L Escoda, F Vall-Llovera, A Garcia, L L Font, E Rámila, M J Jiménez, M Buschbeck, L Zamora, CETLAM group

Different methylation signatures at diagnosis in patients with high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes and secondary acute myeloid leukemia predict azacitidine response and longer survival

2021 Jan 14;13(1):9 14 Jan 2021, .
Background: Epigenetic therapy, using hypomethylating agents (HMA), is known to be effective in the treatment of high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients who are not suitable for intensive chemotherapy and/or allogeneic stem cell transplantation. However, response rates to HMA are low and there is an unmet need in finding prognostic and predictive biomarkers of treatment response and overall survival. We performed global methylation analysis of 75 patients with high-risk MDS and secondary AML who were included in CETLAM SMD-09 protocol, in which patients received HMA or intensive treatment according to age, comorbidities and cytogenetic. Results: Unsupervised analysis of global methylation pattern at diagnosis did not allow patients to be differentiated according to the cytological subtype, cytogenetic groups, treatment response or patient outcome. However, after a supervised analysis we found a methylation signature defined by 200 probes, which allowed differentiating between patients responding and non-responding to azacitidine (AZA) treatment and a different methylation pattern also defined by 200 probes that allowed to differentiate patients according to their survival. On studying follow-up samples, we confirmed that AZA decreases global DNA methylation, but in our cohort the degree of methylation decrease did not correlate with the type of response. The methylation signature detected at diagnosis was not useful in treated samples to distinguish patients who were going to relapse or progress. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that in a subset of specific CpGs, altered DNA methylation patterns at diagnosis may be useful as a biomarker for predicting AZA response and survival.
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Palomo L, Ibáñez M, Abáigar M, Vázquez I, Álvarez S, Cabezón M, Tazón-Vega B, Rapado I, Fuster-Tormo F, Cervera J, Benito R, Larrayoz MJ, Cigudosa JC, Zamora L, Valcárcel D, Cedena MT, Acha P, Hernández-Sánchez JM, Fernández-Mercado M, Sanz G, Hernández-Rivas JM, Calasanz MJ, Solé F, Such E

Spanish Guidelines for the use of targeted deep sequencing in myelodysplastic syndromes and chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia.

Br. J. Haematol. 16 Oct 2019, . Epub 16 Oct 2019
The landscape of medical sequencing has rapidly changed with the evolution of next generation sequencing (NGS). These technologies have contributed to the molecular characterization of the myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML), through the identification of recurrent gene mutations, which are present in >80% of patients. These mutations contribute to a better classification and risk stratification of the patients. Currently, clinical laboratories include NGS genomic analyses in their routine clinical practice, in an effort to personalize the diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of MDS and CMML. NGS technologies have reduced the cost of large-scale sequencing, but there are additional challenges involving the clinical validation of these technologies, as continuous advances are constantly being made. In this context, it is of major importance to standardize the generation, analysis, clinical interpretation and reporting of NGS data. To that end, the Spanish MDS Group (GESMD) has expanded the present set of guidelines, aiming to establish common quality standards for the adequate implementation of NGS and clinical interpretation of the results, hoping that this effort will ultimately contribute to the benefit of patients with myeloid malignancies.
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Acha P, Xandri M, Fuster-Tormo F, Palomo L, Xicoy B, Cabezón M, Marcé S, Granada I, Vela D, Sagüés M, Boque C, Plensa E, Pineda A, Feliu E, Solé F, Zamora L

Diagnostic and prognostic contribution of targeted NGS in patients with triple-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms.

Am. J. Hematol. Oct 2019, 94 (10) E264-E267. Epub 6 Aug 2019More information
Cabezón M, Bargay J, Xicoy B, García O, Borrás J, Tormo M, Marcé S, Pedro C, Valcárcel D, Jiménez MJ, Guàrdia R, Palomo L, Brunet S, Vall-Llovera F, Garcia A, Feliu E, Zamora L

Impact of mutational studies on the diagnosis and the outcome of high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes and secondary acute myeloid leukemia patients treated with 5-azacytidine.

Oncotarget 10 Apr 2018, 9 (27) 19342-19355. Epub 10 Apr 2018
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are stem cell disorders caused by various gene abnormalities. We performed targeted deep sequencing in 39 patients with high-risk MDS and secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML) at diagnosis and follow-up (response and/or relapse), with the aim to define their mutational status, to establish if specific mutations are biomarkers of response to 5-azacytidine (AZA) and/or may have impact on survival. Overall, 95% of patients harbored at least one mutation.
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Palomo L, Malinverni R, Cabezón M, Xicoy B, Arnan M, Coll R, Pomares H, García O, Fuster-Tormo F, Grau J, Feliu E, Solé F, Buschbeck M, Zamora L

DNA methylation profile in chronic myelomonocytic leukemia associates with distinct clinical, biological and genetic features.

Epigenetics 2018, 13 (1) 8-18. Epub 6 Feb 2018
Chromosomal abnormalities are detected in 20-30% of patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) and correlate with prognosis. On the mutation level, disruptive alterations are particularly frequent in chromatin regulatory genes. However, little is known about the consequential alterations in the epigenetic marking of the genome. Here, we report the analysis of genomic DNA methylation patterns of 64 CMML patients and 10 healthy controls, using a DNA methylation microarray focused on promoter regions. Differential methylation analysis between patients and controls allowed us to identify abnormalities in DNA methylation, including hypermethylation of specific genes and large genome regions with aberrant DNA methylation. Unsupervised hierarchical cluster analysis identified two main clusters that associated with the clinical, biological, and genetic features of patients. Group 1 was enriched in patients with adverse clinical and biological characteristics and poorer overall and progression-free survival. In addition, significant differences in DNA methylation were observed between patients with low risk and intermediate/high risk karyotypes and between TET2 mutant and wild type patients. Taken together, our results demonstrate that altered DNA methylation patterns reflect the CMML disease state and allow to identify patient groups with distinct clinical features.
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Juncà J, Garcia O, Garcia-Caro M, Vila J, Zamora L, Cabezón M, Alonso E, de la Banda E, Rodríguez-Hernández I, Ribera JM, Millá F

CD34 expression and the outcome of nucleophosmin 1-mutated acute myeloid leukemia.

Ann. Hematol. Dec 2016, 95 (12) 1949-1954. Epub 5 Sep 2016
CD34 positivity has been considered as an adverse prognostic factor in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Although nucleophosmin 1-mutated (NPM1m) AML is usually CD34 negative, this marker may be expressed at diagnosis or acquired at relapse in a variable number of cases. Our objective was to ascertain if CD34 expression has any influence on the general outcome of this form of acute leukemia. Analysis of clinical outcome (complete remissions, relapses, disease-free survival, and overall survival) was performed depending on the degree of expression of CD34 determined by flow cytometry, in 67 adult patients with NPM1m AML. CD34 expression did not have any influence on the variables analyzed whatever the percentage of blasts expressing this marker. In contrast to other forms of AML, CD34 expression is not an unfavorable prognostic factor in NPM1m AML, neither at diagnosis nor at relapse.
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Sorigué M, Ribera JM, García O, Cabezón M, Vélez P, Marcé S, Xicoy B, Fernández C, Buch J, Cortes M, Plensa E, Gallardo D, Boqué C, Feliu E, Zamora L

Highly variable mutational profile of ASXL1 in myelofibrosis.

Eur. J. Haematol. Oct 2016, 97 (4) 331-5. Epub 19 Jan 2016
Somatic mutations in ASXL1 seem to have a negative prognostic impact in patients with several myeloid neoplasms, including myelofibrosis (MF). The aim of this work was to determine the prevalence and profile of ASXL1 mutations in MF.
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Palomo L, Garcia O, Arnan M, Xicoy B, Fuster F, Cabezón M, Coll R, Ademà V, Grau J, Jiménez MJ, Pomares H, Marcé S, Mallo M, Millá F, Alonso E, Sureda A, Gallardo D, Feliu E, Ribera JM, Solé F, Zamora L

Targeted deep sequencing improves outcome stratification in chronic myelomonocytic leukemia with low risk cytogenetic features.

Oncotarget 29 Jul 2016, . Epub 29 Jul 2016
Clonal cytogenetic abnormalities are found in 20-30% of patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), while gene mutations are present in >90% of cases. Patients with low risk cytogenetic features account for 80% of CMML cases and often fall into the low risk categories of CMML prognostic scoring systems, but the outcome differs considerably among them. We performed targeted deep sequencing of 83 myeloid-related genes in 56 CMML patients with low risk cytogenetic features or uninformative conventional cytogenetics (CC) at diagnosis, with the aim to identify the genetic characteristics of patients with a more aggressive disease. Targeted sequencing was also performed in a subset of these patients at time of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) transformation. Overall, 98% of patients harbored at least one mutation. Mutations in cell signaling genes were acquired at time of AML progression. Mutations in ASXL1, EZH2 and NRAS correlated with higher risk features and shorter overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS). Patients with SRSF2 mutations associated with poorer OS, while absence of TET2 mutations (TET2wt) was predictive of shorter PFS. A decrease in OS and PFS was observed as the number of adverse risk gene mutations (ASXL1, EZH2, NRAS and SRSF2) increased. On multivariate analyses, CMML-specific scoring system (CPSS) and presence of adverse risk gene mutations remained significant for OS, while CPSS and TET2wt were predictive of PFS. These results confirm that mutation analysis can add prognostic value to patients with CMML and low risk cytogenetic features or uninformative CC.
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Palomo L, Xicoy B, Garcia O, Mallo M, Ademà V, Cabezón M, Arnan M, Pomares H, José Larrayoz M, José Calasanz M, Maciejewski JP, Huang D, Shih LY, Ogawa S, Cervera J, Such E, Coll R, Grau J, Solé F, Zamora L

Impact of SNP array karyotyping on the diagnosis and the outcome of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia with low risk cytogenetic features or no metaphases.

Am. J. Hematol. Feb 2016, 91 (2) 185-92. Epub 9 Dec 2015
Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) is a clonal hematopoietic disorder with heterogeneous clinical, morphological and genetic characteristics. Clonal cytogenetic abnormalities are found in 20-30% of patients with CMML. Patients with low risk cytogenetic features (normal karyotype and isolated loss of Y chromosome) account for ∼80% of CMML patients and often fall into the low risk categories of CMML prognostic scores. We hypothesized that single nucleotide polymorphism arrays (SNP-A) karyotyping could detect cryptic chromosomal alterations with prognostic impact in these subgroup of patients. SNP-A were performed at diagnosis in 128 CMML patients with low risk karyotypes or uninformative results for conventional G-banding cytogenetics (CC). Copy number alterations (CNAs) and regions of copy number neutral loss of heterozygosity (CNN-LOH) were detected in 67% of patients. Recurrent CNAs included gains in regions 8p12 and 21q22 as well as losses in 10q21.1 and 12p13.2. Interstitial CNN-LOHs were recurrently detected in the following regions: 4q24-4q35, 7q32.1-7q36.3, and 11q13.3-11q25. Statistical analysis showed that some of the alterations detected by SNP-A associated with the patients' outcome. A shortened overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) was observed in cases where the affected size of the genome (considering CNAs and CNN-LOHs) was >11 Mb. In addition, presence of interstitial CNN-LOH was predictive of poor OS. Presence of CNAs (≥1) associated with poorer OS and PFS in the patients with myeloproliferative CMML. Overall, SNP-A analysis increased the diagnostic yield in patients with low risk cytogenetic features or uninformative CC and added prognostic value to this subset of patients.
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Marcé S, Cortés M, Zamora L, Cabezón M, Grau J, Millá F, Feliu E

A thirty-five nucleotides BCR-ABL1 insertion mutation of controversial significance confers resistance to imatinib in a patient with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).

Exp. Mol. Pathol. Aug 2015, 99 (1) 16-8. Epub 22 Apr 2015
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) have improved the management of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, a significant proportion of patients does not achieve the optimal response or are resistant to TKI. ABL1 kinase domain mutations have been extensively implicated in the pathogenesis of TKI resistance. Although deletion or insertion of nucleotides in BCR-ABL1 has rarely been described, we identified a CML patient with an already described 35 nucleotides insertion (BCR-ABL1(35INS)) of controversial significance, that confers resistance to imatinib but sensitivity to dasatinib.
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