Research publications

Found 1304 publicacions matching the indicated search criteria.
Miralles P, Navarro JT, Berenguer J, Gómez Codina J, Kwon M, Serrano D, Díez-Martín JL, Villà S, Rubio R, Menárguez J, Ribera Santasusana JM

GESIDA/PETHEMA recommendations on the diagnosis and treatment of lymphomas in patients infected by the human immunodeficiency virus.

Med Clin (Barc) 13 Jul 2018, 151 (1) 39.e1-39.e17. Epub 19 Jan 2018
The incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's lymphoma is higher in patients with HIV infection than in the general population. Following the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), the prognostic significance of HIV-related variables has decreased, and lymphoma-related factors have become more pronounced. Currently, treatments for lymphomas in HIV-infected patients do not differ from those used in the general population. However, differentiating characteristics of seropositive patients, such as the need for cART and specific prophylaxis and treatment of certain opportunistic infections, should be considered. This document updates recommendations on the diagnosis and treatment of lymphomas in HIV infected patients published by GESIDA/PETHEMA in 2008.
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Pardal E, Díez Baeza E, Salas Q, García T, Sancho JM, Monzón E, Moraleda JM, Córdoba R, de la Cruz F, Queizán JA, Rodríguez MJ, Navarro B, Hernández JA, Díez R, Vahi M, Viguria MC, Canales M, Peñarrubia MJ, González-López TJ, Montes-Moreno S, González-Barca E, Caballero D, Martín A

A new prognostic model identifies patients aged 80 years and older with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who may benefit from curative treatment: A multicenter, retrospective analysis by the Spanish GELTAMO group.

Am. J. Hematol. Jul 2018, 93 (7) 867-873. Epub 6 May 2018
The means of optimally managing very elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has not been established. We retrospectively analyzed 252 patients aged 80-100 years, diagnosed with DLBCL or grade 3B follicular lymphoma, treated in 19 hospitals from the GELTAMO group. Primary objective was to analyze the influence of the type of treatment and comorbidity scales on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). One hundred sixty-three patients (63%) were treated with chemotherapy that included anthracyclines and/or rituximab, whereas 15% received no chemotherapeutic treatment. With a median follow-up of 44 months, median PFS and OS were 9.5 and 12.5 months, respectively. In an analysis restricted to the 205 patients treated with any kind of chemotherapy, comorbidity scales did not influence the choice of treatment type significantly. Independent factors associated with better PFS and OS were: age < 86 years, cumulative illness rating scale (CIRS) score < 6, intermediate risk (1-2) R-IPI, and treatment with R-CHOP at full or reduced doses. We developed a prognostic model based on the multivariate analysis of the 108 patients treated with R-CHOP-like: median OS was 45 vs. 12 months (P = .001), respectively, for patients with 0-1 vs. 2-3 risk factors (age > 85 years, R-IPI 3-5 or CIRS > 5). In conclusion, treatment with R-CHOP-like is associated with good survival in a significant proportion of patients. We have developed a simple prognostic model that may aid the selection patients who could benefit from a curative treatment, although it needs to be validated in larger series.
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Muncunill J, Baptista MJ, Hernandez-Rodríguez Á, Dalmau J, Garcia O, Tapia G, Moreno M, Sancho JM, Martínez-Picado J, Feliu E, Mate JL, Ribera JM, Navarro JT

Plasma EBV-load as an early biomarker and prognostic factor of HIV-related lymphomas.

Clin. Infect. Dis. 29 Jun 2018, . Epub 29 Jun 2018
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been implicated in lymphomagenesis and can be found infecting tumor cells and in plasma at lymphoma diagnosis, especially in HIV-infected patients. Our aim was to evaluate the usefulness of plasma EBV-load as biomarker and prognostic factor in HIV-related lymphomas.
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Schoenfelder S, Javierre BM, Furlan-Magaril M, Wingett SW, Fraser P

Promoter Capture Hi-C: High-resolution, Genome-wide Profiling of Promoter Interactions.

J Vis Exp 28 Jun 2018, (136) . Epub 28 Jun 2018
The three-dimensional organization of the genome is linked to its function. For example, regulatory elements such as transcriptional enhancers control the spatio-temporal expression of their target genes through physical contact, often bridging considerable (in some cases hundreds of kilobases) genomic distances and bypassing nearby genes. The human genome harbors an estimated one million enhancers, the vast majority of which have unknown gene targets. Assigning distal regulatory regions to their target genes is thus crucial to understand gene expression control. We developed Promoter Capture Hi-C (PCHi-C) to enable the genome-wide detection of distal promoter-interacting regions (PIRs), for all promoters in a single experiment. In PCHi-C, highly complex Hi-C libraries are specifically enriched for promoter sequences through in-solution hybrid selection with thousands of biotinylated RNA baits complementary to the ends of all promoter-containing restriction fragments. The aim is to then pull-down promoter sequences and their frequent interaction partners such as enhancers and other potential regulatory elements. After high-throughput paired-end sequencing, a statistical test is applied to each promoter-ligated restriction fragment to identify significant PIRs at the restriction fragment level. We have used PCHi-C to generate an atlas of long-range promoter interactions in dozens of human and mouse cell types. These promoter interactome maps have contributed to a greater understanding of mammalian gene expression control by assigning putative regulatory regions to their target genes and revealing preferential spatial promoter-promoter interaction networks. This information also has high relevance to understanding human genetic disease and the identification of potential disease genes, by linking non-coding disease-associated sequence variants in or near control sequences to their target genes.
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Choy MK, Javierre BM, Williams SG, Baross SL, Liu Y, Wingett SW, Akbarov A, Wallace C, Freire-Pritchett P, Rugg-Gunn PJ, Spivakov M, Fraser P, Keavney BD

Promoter interactome of human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes connects GWAS regions to cardiac gene networks.

Nat Commun 28 Jun 2018, 9 (1) 2526. Epub 28 Jun 2018
Long-range chromosomal interactions bring distal regulatory elements and promoters together to regulate gene expression in biological processes. By performing promoter capture Hi-C (PCHi-C) on human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hESC-CMs), we show that such promoter interactions are a key mechanism by which enhancers contact their target genes after hESC-CM differentiation from hESCs. We also show that the promoter interactome of hESC-CMs is associated with expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) in cardiac left ventricular tissue; captures the dynamic process of genome reorganisation after hESC-CM differentiation; overlaps genome-wide association study (GWAS) regions associated with heart rate; and identifies new candidate genes in such regions. These findings indicate that regulatory elements in hESC-CMs identified by our approach control gene expression involved in ventricular conduction and rhythm of the heart. The study of promoter interactions in other hESC-derived cell types may be of utility in functional investigation of GWAS-associated regions.
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Cid E, Yamamoto M, Yamamoto F

Blood group ABO gene-encoded A transferase catalyzes the biosynthesis of FORS1 antigen of FORS system upon Met69Thr/Ser substitution

Blood Adv 26 Jun 2018, 2 (12) 1371-1381.
Blood group A/B glycosyltransferases (AT/BTs) and Forssman glycolipid synthase (FS) are encoded by the evolutionarily related
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Dumbovic G, Biayna J, Banús J, Samuelsson J, Roth A, Diederichs S, Alonso S, Buschbeck M, Perucho M, Forcales SV

A novel long non-coding RNA from NBL2 pericentromeric macrosatellite forms a perinucleolar aggregate structure in colon cancer.

Nucleic Acids Res. 20 Jun 2018, 46 (11) 5504-5524.
Primate-specific NBL2 macrosatellite is hypomethylated in several types of tumors, yet the consequences of this DNA hypomethylation remain unknown. We show that NBL2 conserved repeats are close to the centromeres of most acrocentric chromosomes. NBL2 associates with the perinucleolar region and undergoes severe demethylation in a subset of colorectal cancer (CRC). Upon DNA hypomethylation and histone acetylation, NBL2 repeats are transcribed in tumor cell lines and primary CRCs. NBL2 monomers exhibit promoter activity, and are contained within novel, non-polyA antisense lncRNAs, which we designated TNBL (Tumor-associated NBL2 transcript). TNBL is stable throughout the mitotic cycle, and in interphase nuclei preferentially forms a perinucleolar aggregate in the proximity of a subset of NBL2 loci. TNBL aggregates interact with the SAM68 perinucleolar body in a mirror-image cancer specific perinucleolar structure. TNBL binds with high affinity to several proteins involved in nuclear functions and RNA metabolism, such as CELF1 and NPM1. Our data unveil novel DNA and RNA structural features of a non-coding macrosatellite frequently altered in cancer.
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Sorigue M, Sancho JM

The persistent uncertainty of when to recommend allogeneic stem cell transplantation in follicular lymphoma.

Cancer 7 Jun 2018, . Epub 7 Jun 2018More information
Perez-Salvia M, Aldaba E, Vara Y, Fabre M, Ferrer C, Masdeu C, Zubia A, San Sebastian E, Otaegui D, Llinàs-Arias P, Rosselló-Tortella M, Berdasco M, Moutinho C, Setien F, Villanueva A, González-Barca E, Muncunill J, Navarro JT, Piris MA, Cossio FP, Esteller M

In vitro and in vivo activity of a new small-molecule inhibitor of HDAC6 in mantle cell lymphoma.

Haematologica 7 Jun 2018, . Epub 7 Jun 2018More information
Fernandez AF, Bayón GF, Sierra MI, Urdinguio RG, Toraño EG, García M, Carella A, Lopez V, Santamarina P, Pérez RF, Belmonte T, Ramon Tejedor J, Cobo I, Menendez P, Mangas C, Ferrero C, Rodrigo L, Astudillo A, Ortea I, Cueto Díaz S, Rodríguez-Gonzalez P, Ignacio García Alonso J, Mollejo M, Meléndez B, Dominguez G, Bonilla F, Fraga MF

Loss of 5hmC identifies a new type of aberrant DNA hypermethylation in glioma.

Hum. Mol. Genet. 5 Jun 2018, . Epub 5 Jun 2018
Aberrant DNA hypermethylation is a hallmark of cancer although the underlying molecular mechanisms are still poorly understood. To study the possible role of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) in this process we analyzed the global and locus-specific genome-wide levels of 5hmC and 5mC in human primary samples from 12 non-tumoral brains and 53 gliomas. We found that the levels of 5hmC identified in non-tumoral samples were significantly reduced in gliomas. Strikingly, hypo-hydroxymethylation at 4,627 (9.3%) CpG sites was associated with aberrant DNA hypermethylation and was strongly enriched in CpG island (CGI) shores. The DNA regions containing these CpG sites were enriched in H3K4me2 and presented a different genuine chromatin signature to that characteristic of the genes classically aberrantly hypermethylated in cancer. As this 5mC gain is inversely correlated with loss of 5hmC and has not been identified with classical sodium bisulfite-based technologies, we conclude that our data identifies a novel 5hmC-dependent type of aberrant DNA hypermethylation in glioma.
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