Publicació científica

S'han trobat 1349 publicacions amb els criteris indicats.
Esteve-Puig R, Bueno-Costa A, Esteller M

Writers, Readers and Erasers of RNA Modifications in Cancer.

Cancer Lett. 25 Gen 2020, . Epub 25 Gen 2020
Although cancer was originally considered a disease driven only by genetic mutations, it has now been proven that it is also an epigenetic disease driven by DNA hypermethylation-associated silencing of tumor suppressor genes and aberrant histone modifications. Very recently, a third component has emerged: the so-called epitranscriptome understood as the chemical modifications of RNA that regulate and alter the activity of RNA molecules. In this regard, the study of genetic and epigenetic disruption of the RNA-modifying proteins is gaining momentum in advancing our understanding of cancer biology. Furthermore, the development of epitranscriptomic anticancer drugs could lead to new promising and unexpected therapeutic strategies for oncology in the coming years.
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Xiu Y, Dong Q, Fu L, Bossler A, Tang X, Boyce B, Borcherding N, Leidinger M, Sardina JL, Xue HH, Li Q, Feldman A, Aifantis I, Boccalatte F, Wang L, Jin M, Khoury J, Wang W, Hu S, Yuan Y, Wang E, Yuan J, Janz S, Colgan J, Habelhah H, Waldschmidt T, Müschen M, Bagg A, Darbro B, Zhao C

Coactivation of NF-κB and Notch signaling is sufficient to induce B-cell transformation and enables B-myeloid conversion.

Blood 9 Gen 2020, 135 (2) 108-120.
NF-κB and Notch signaling can be simultaneously activated in a variety of B-cell lymphomas. Patients with B-cell lymphoma occasionally develop clonally related myeloid tumors with poor prognosis. Whether concurrent activation of both pathways is sufficient to induce B-cell transformation and whether the signaling initiates B-myeloid conversion in a pathological context are largely unknown. Here, we provide genetic evidence that concurrent activation of NF-κB and Notch signaling in committed B cells is sufficient to induce B-cell lymphomatous transformation and primes common progenitor cells to convert to myeloid lineage through dedifferentiation, not transdifferentiation. Intriguingly, the converted myeloid cells can further transform, albeit at low frequency, into myeloid leukemia. Mechanistically, coactivation of NF-κB and Notch signaling endows committed B cells with the ability to self renew. Downregulation of BACH2, a lymphoma and myeloid gene suppressor, but not upregulation of CEBPα and/or downregulation of B-cell transcription factors, is an early event in both B-cell transformation and myeloid conversion. Interestingly, a DNA hypomethylating drug not only effectively eliminated the converted myeloid leukemia cells, but also restored the expression of green fluorescent protein, which had been lost in converted myeloid leukemia cells. Collectively, our results suggest that targeting NF-κB and Notch signaling will not only improve lymphoma treatment, but also prevent the lymphoma-to-myeloid tumor conversion. Importantly, DNA hypomethylating drugs might efficiently treat these converted myeloid neoplasms.
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Li ST, Wang J, Wei R, Shi R, Adema V, Nagata Y, Kerr CM, Kuzmanovic T, Przychodzen B, Sole F, Maciejewski JP, LaFramboise T

Rare germline variant contributions to myeloid malignancy susceptibility.

Leukemia 7 Gen 2020, . Epub 7 Gen 2020Més informació
Rico LG, Juncà J, Ward MD, Bradford JA, Petriz J

Flow cytometric significance of cellular alkaline phosphatase activity in acute myeloid leukemia.

Oncotarget 10 Des 2019, 10 (65) 6969-6980. Epub 10 Des 2019
In this prospective hospital-based cohort study that included 43 newly diagnosed patients with acute myeloid leukemia, flow cytometric cellular alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity within primitive leukemic cells allowed us to identify two groups of patients at diagnosis according to the numbers of leukemic blasts expressing ≥ 12% of ALP+ cells (27 patients, Group A) and less than 12% of ALP+ cells (16 patients, Group B). Differences in outcome for complete response, relapse or treatment resistance, and exitus were statistically analyzed and were significant, when comparing the two groups. The overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) differences between Group A and B were statistically significant. The survival of Group A patients was significantly shorter than those for Group B. No significant relationship was detected in outcome when comparing ELN prognostic-risk group based on cytogenetic and molecular profile (patients in the favorable, intermediate, and adverse risk groups). Flow cytometric cellular ALP activity at diagnosis may be used to estimate relapses and disease persistence more accurately. The limitations of our study include the small number of patients enrolled and a short follow-up, due to its prospective nature.
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Azagra A, Marina-Zárate E, Ramiro AR, Javierre BM, Parra M

From Loops to Looks: Transcription Factors and Chromatin Organization Shaping Terminal B Cell Differentiation.

Trends Immunol. 7 Des 2019, . Epub 7 Des 2019
B lymphopoiesis is tightly regulated at the level of gene transcription. In recent years, investigators have shed light on the transcription factor networks and the epigenetic machinery involved at all differentiation steps of mammalian B cell development. During terminal differentiation, B cells undergo dramatic changes in gene transcriptional programs to generate germinal center B cells, plasma cells and memory B cells. Recent evidence indicates that mature B cell formation involves an essential contribution from 3D chromatin conformations through its interplay with transcription factors and epigenetic machinery. Here, we provide an up-to-date overview of the coordination between transcription factors, epigenetic changes, and chromatin architecture during terminal B cell differentiation, focusing on recent discoveries and technical advances for studying 3D chromatin structures.
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Palomo M, Vera M, Martin S, Torramadé-Moix S, Martinez-Sanchez J, Belen Moreno A, Carreras E, Escolar G, Cases A, Díaz-Ricart M

Up-regulation of HDACs, a harbinger of uraemic endothelial dysfunction, is prevented by defibrotide.

J. Cell. Mol. Med. 28 Nov 2019, . Epub 28 Nov 2019
Endothelial dysfunction is an earlier contributor to the development of atherosclerosis in chronic kidney disease (CKD), in which the role of epigenetic triggers cannot be ruled out. Endothelial protective strategies, such as defibrotide (DF), may be useful in this scenario. We evaluated changes induced by CKD on endothelial cell proteome and explored the effect of DF and the mechanisms involved. Human umbilical cord vein endothelial cells were exposed to sera from healthy donors (n = 20) and patients with end-stage renal disease on haemodialysis (n = 20). Differential protein expression was investigated by using a proteomic approach, Western blot and immunofluorescence. HDAC1 and HDAC2 overexpression was detected. Increased HDAC1 expression occurred at both cytoplasm and nucleus. These effects were dose-dependently inhibited by DF. Both the HDACs inhibitor trichostatin A and DF prevented the up-regulation of the endothelial dysfunction markers induced by the uraemic milieu: intercellular adhesion molecule-1, surface Toll-like receptor-4, von Willebrand Factor and reactive oxygen species. Moreover, DF down-regulated HDACs expression through the PI3/AKT signalling pathway. HDACs appear as key modulators of the CKD-induced endothelial dysfunction as specific blockade by trichostatin A or by DF prevents endothelial dysfunction responses to the CKD insult. Moreover, DF exerts its endothelial protective effect by inhibiting HDAC up-regulation likely through PI3K/AKT.
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McGraw KL, Cheng CH, Chen YA, Hou HA, Nilsson B, Genovese G, Cluzeau T, Pellagatti A, Przychodzen BP, Mallo M, Arenillas L, Mohamedali A, Adès L, Sallman DA, Padron E, Sokol L, Moreilhon C, Raynaud S, Tien HF, Boultwood J, Ebert BL, Sole F, Fenaux P, Mufti GJ, Maciejewski JP, Kanetsky PA, List AF

Non-del(5q) myelodysplastic syndromes-associated loci detected by SNP-array genome-wide association meta-analysis.

Blood Adv 26 Nov 2019, 3 (22) 3579-3589.
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are hematopoietic stem cell malignancies. Known predisposing factors to adult MDS include rare germline mutations, cytotoxic therapy, age-related clonal hematopoiesis, and autoimmune or chronic inflammatory disorders. To date, no published studies characterizing MDS-associated germline susceptibility polymorphisms exist. We performed a genome-wide association study of 2 sample sets (555 MDS cases vs 2964 control subjects; 352 MDS cases vs 2640 control subjects) in non-del(5q) MDS cases of European genomic ancestry. Meta-analysis identified 8 MDS-associated loci at 1q31.1 (PLA2G4A), 3p14.1 (FAM19A4), 5q21.3 (EFNA5), 6p21.33, 10q23.1 (GRID1), 12q24.32, 15q26.1, and 20q13.12 (EYA2) that approached genome-wide significance. Gene expression for 5 loci that mapped within or near genes was significantly upregulated in MDS bone marrow cells compared with those of control subjects (P < .01). Higher PLA2G4A expression and lower EYA2 expression were associated with poorer overall survival (P = .039 and P = .037, respectively). Higher PLA2G4A expression is associated with mutations in NRAS (P < .001), RUNX1 (P = .012), ASXL1 (P = .007), and EZH2 (P = .038), all of which are known to contribute to MDS development. EYA2 expression was an independently favorable risk factor irrespective of age, sex, and Revised International Scoring System score (relative risk, 0.67; P = .048). Notably, these genes have regulatory roles in innate immunity, a critical driver of MDS pathogenesis. EYA2 overexpression induced innate immune activation, whereas EYA2 inhibition restored colony-forming potential in primary MDS cells indicative of hematopoietic restoration and possible clinical relevance. In conclusion, among 8 suggestive MDS-associated loci, 5 map to genes upregulated in MDS with functional roles in innate immunity and potential biological relevance to MDS.
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Bueno-Costa A, Piñeyro D, Soler M, Javierre BM, Raurell-Vila H, Subirana-Granés M, Pasquali L, Martinez-Climent JA, Esteller M

B-cell leukemia transdifferentiation to macrophage involves reconfiguration of DNA methylation for long-range regulation.

Leukemia 12 Nov 2019, . Epub 12 Nov 2019Més informació
Palomo M, Blasco M, Molina P, Lozano M, Praga M, Torramade-Moix S, Martinez-Sanchez J, Cid J, Escolar G, Carreras E, Paules C, Crispi F, Quintana LF, Poch E, Rodas L, Goma E, Morelle J, Espinosa M, Morales E, Avila A, Cabello V, Ariceta G, Chocron S, Manrique J, Barros X, Martin N, Huerta A, Fraga-Rodriguez GM, Cao M, Martin M, Romera AM, Moreso F, Manonelles A, Gratacos E, Pereira A, Campistol JM, Diaz-Ricart M

Complement Activation and Thrombotic Microangiopathies.

Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 6 Nov 2019, . Epub 6 Nov 2019
Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome is a form of thrombotic microangiopathy caused by dysregulation of the alternative complement pathway. There is evidence showing complement activation in other thrombotic microangiopathies. The aim of this study was to evaluate complement activation in different thrombotic microangiopathies and to monitor treatment response.
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Ramos-Rodríguez M, Raurell-Vila H, Colli ML, Alvelos MI, Subirana-Granés M, Juan-Mateu J, Norris R, Turatsinze JV, Nakayasu ES, Webb-Robertson BM, Inshaw JRJ, Marchetti P, Piemonti L, Esteller M, Todd JA, Metz TO, Eizirik DL, Pasquali L

The impact of proinflammatory cytokines on the β-cell regulatory landscape provides insights into the genetics of type 1 diabetes.

Nat. Genet. 1 Nov 2019, . Epub 1 Nov 2019
The early stages of type 1 diabetes (T1D) are characterized by local autoimmune inflammation and progressive loss of insulin-producing pancreatic β cells. Here we show that exposure to proinflammatory cytokines reveals a marked plasticity of the β-cell regulatory landscape. We expand the repertoire of human islet regulatory elements by mapping stimulus-responsive enhancers linked to changes in the β-cell transcriptome, proteome and three-dimensional chromatin structure. Our data indicate that the β-cell response to cytokines is mediated by the induction of new regulatory regions as well as the activation of primed regulatory elements prebound by islet-specific transcription factors. We find that T1D-associated loci are enriched with newly mapped cis-regulatory regions and identify T1D-associated variants disrupting cytokine-responsive enhancer activity in human β cells. Our study illustrates how β cells respond to a proinflammatory environment and implicate a role for stimulus response islet enhancers in T1D.
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